The city now known as Ho Chi Minh City. It has gone by several different names during its history, reflecting settlement by different ethnic, cultural and political groups. In time, control of the city and the area passed to the Vietnamese, who gave the city the name of Gia Định. This name remained until the time of French conquest in the 1860s, when the occupying force adopted the name Saïgon for the city, a westernized form of the traditional Vietnamese name. The current name was given after the Fall of Saigon in 1975, and honors Ho Chi Minh, the first leader of North Vietnam. Nowaydays, Saigon is the city centre by locals.
Ho Chi Minh City is the country's largest and commercial city. and also a major hub of activity, drawing on Asian and Western traditions alike to create its own unique culture. To Experience Ho Chi Minh and its surroundings is to visit the War Museum, Notre Dame Cathedral, City Hall, Post office of Ho Chi Minh and Cho Lon China town. The most popular attractions are markets and shopping districts. One of the most important bazaars is the Ben Thanh Market, a cluster of busy shops and narrow aisles where you can find everything from colorful scarves and wooden souvenirs to authentic cuisine and fruit vendors. If you want to shop in a more Western atmosphere, head to Dong Khoi Street, which is lined with stores selling jewelry, ceramics, antiques, silks and even furniture. This destination also has plenty of places to grab a bite to eat, making it a perfect place to explore by your own time.